Knee Replacement

Arthroplasty, commonly referred to as joint replacement surgery, involves replacing damaged knee and hip joints with metal or plastic implants in order to repair and improve joint function. This procedure is typically performed when joint surfaces have been damaged for various reasons.

High Tibial Osteotomy: In younger patients osteoarthritis of knee as salvage procedure known as Tibial osteotomy involves correction of the deformity. There by shifting the weight bearing axis to provide symptomatic relief from pain.

The primary goal of joint replacement surgery is to alleviate pain and discomfort associated with damaged joint surfaces, thereby improving the quality of life for the patient.


The exact cause of osteoarthritis is not known, however there are a number of factors that are commonly associated with the onset of arthritis and may include:

  • Injury or trauma to the joint
  • Fractures at the knee joint
  • Increased body weight
  • Repetitive overuse
  • Joint infection
  • Inflammation of the joint
  • Connective tissue disorders


  • Prior to surgery, make sure to adhere to the prescribed diet instructions, drink plenty of fluids.
  • Consult with your primary care provider and any other doctors you see regularly to ensure you are cleared for the elective procedure.
  • Before surgery, use the soap provided during preadmission testing and follow the instructions provided.
  • Contact your insurance company to review your coverage, including any special equipment that may be needed, and ask any questions you may have.
  • If you have any further questions, make note of them and ask at your pre-op visit or call the office for clarification regarding the surgery.


To ensure safety, comfort, and a successful recovery after surgery, you will be provided with instructions on nutrition, medication, exercise, activity level, equipment needed upon discharge, follow-up appointments, and signs to look out for.

This section includes information on what to expect during recovery, the appearance of incision after total knee replacement, frequently asked questions, questions to ask during your follow-up appointment, and details on pain relief, medication, anti-inflammatory drugs, constipation, and nutrition.

If you have any concerns or queries, don’t hesitate to ask your healthcare team as they are dedicated to ensuring a smooth recovery. It’s normal to experience swelling post-surgery, which can be reduced by managing it and in turn, decreasing the pain. Keep in mind that recovery time varies for every person and it may take some time for you to feel like your normal self.

Important things to remember in the first six weeks after knee replacement surgery.

Things you should do:

  • Find a sleeping position that is comfortable
  • Use walking stick as needed
  • Elevate the leg if you are experiencing a lot of swelling

Things to avoid:

  • Putting a pillow under your operated knee is not recommended
  • Don’t kneel on your operated knee


A full recovery from knee replacement surgery typically takes six to twelve months. However, there are ways to speed up the recovery process. The modern knee replacement procedure involves replacing the surfaces of the joint rather than the joint itself. Physical therapy is essential post-surgery, and most patients will be able to walk within 24 hours. The recovery timeline may vary depending on whether it is a partial or full knee replacement. There are minimal long-term limitations after the surgery, and activities such as running long distances may be a concern for some patients, but other sports and physical activities that do not involve high impact are generally safe.As soon as you start feeling comfortable you will be discharged. At 2 weeks suture removing and physiotherapy at home will be started.At 6 weeks you are expected to walk without any support.