Shoulder Arthroscopy

During an arthroscopy, a small, pencil-shaped instrument called an arthroscope, which contains a light and camera, is inserted into the joint. The images from the arthroscope are projected onto a computer screen, allowing the surgeon to view the inside of the joint and diagnose or treat any issues with the bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and muscles. This procedure is minimally invasive and is commonly performed for shoulder joint problems.

The shoulder joint is composed of a ball-and-socket configuration, in which the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) connects with the socket of the scapula (shoulder blade) known as the glenoid. The bones’ articulating surfaces are coated with cartilage, which helps eliminate friction between the bones and allows for smooth movement. The tendons and ligaments surrounding the shoulder joint provide stability and strength to the joint. Damage or illness to the bones or soft tissues of the shoulder joint can result in instability, pain, inflammation, and decreased mobility.


The cause of pain in the shoulder joint can be attributed to various factors such as a rotator cuff tear, damage to the articular cartilage, labrum, or surrounding soft tissues. These injuries can occur as a result of an accident or due to age-related wear and tear. The diagnosis of the underlying cause of the pain can be done through a shoulder arthroscopy.common conditions like small or large rotator cuff tear , recurrent dislocation of shoulder causing labour injury or glenoid bone loss can be treated with arthroscopic labral repair or mini open latarjet boney procedure.

Symptoms of a shoulder injury include excessive pain in the shoulder joint and stiffness in the shoulder joint that may hinder easy movement of the arm around the shoulder joint. The patient may experience trouble while sleeping with the affected shoulder on one side. Slight swelling can also be observed physically in the joint region.


After the surgery, patients will recover for a short period at the hospital, during which pain medication may be provided if needed. After recovery, patients will need a ride home, and it is recommended that they have a family member or friend stay with them for the first night.


Recovery time can vary from one to six months, with the use of a sling being necessary for the initial week, possibly longer if significant repairs were made. Pain medication may be prescribed to manage pain, and the return to work or sports will depend on the specific surgery performed. Physical therapy can aid in restoring motion and strength to the shoulder, with the duration of therapy being determined by the surgery. To alleviate pain, ice and pain medication can be used, as well as sleeping in a propped up position for a few days post-surgery to protect the shoulder.