Shoulder Replacement

Shoulder Joint Replacement is a surgical procedure designed to address the effects of arthritis in the shoulder joint by replacing the worn joint surfaces. This procedure involves the use of artificial components that mimic the natural structure of a healthy shoulder. A stainless-steel ball is used to replace the worn-out shoulder joint ball, and a titanium stem is used to firmly anchor the prosthesis in the humerus, the upper arm bone. Additionally, a sturdy plastic lining is used in lieu of the socket, which successfully reduces the painful bone-to-bone contact felt in arthritic shoulder joints. Joint mobility can be enhanced by loosening the restricted tissues around the joint.


The primary cause of shoulder replacement is osteoarthritis, which occurs due to the gradual wear and tear of the joint cartilage over time. Factors such as aging, overuse of the shoulder joint, previous injuries, and genetic predisposition can contribute to the development of osteoarthritis.


Your surgeon will thoroughly assess your condition before deciding whether a total shoulder replacement is a good option for you. The steps involved in this review procedure are as follows:

Review of medical history: The suitability of a complete shoulder replacement will be carefully considered by your surgeon after he or she carefully examines your medical history, including any prior shoulder injuries, operations, or underlying medical disorders.

Physical examination: Your shoulder will be thoroughly examined to determine its range of motion, strength, stability, and presence of any pain or tenderness. The surgeon can better assess the severity of your shoulder problem thanks to this evaluation.

Imaging tests: To gather more detailed information about the condition of your shoulder joint, your surgeon may order imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI scans. These tests provide a clear view of the joint structures, bone quality, presence of arthritis, and any other abnormalities that may influence the decision for a total shoulder replacement.

By combining the information gathered from your medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests, your surgeon can make an informed assessment of whether total shoulder replacement is a suitable option for you. This evaluation process ensures that the procedure is tailored to your specific needs and circumstances, maximizing the chances of a successful outcome.


After the procedure, post-operative care emphasises ensuring good pain management and infection prevention. To ease discomfort and lower the possibility of infection, painkillers and antibiotics will be administered.Your arm will be immobilised in a sling to protect and support your shoulder throughout the early healing phase. This aids in joint stabilisation and encourages optimal recovery.Physiotherapy is a crucial part of a systematic rehabilitation programme, which is part of the post-operative care. This programme, which usually starts soon after surgery, is essential for strengthening the shoulder and regaining mobility. Under the guidance of a physiotherapist, you will engage in specific exercises and techniques aimed at improving range of motion, increasing muscle strength, and promoting overall shoulder function. These exercises may initially be gentle, gradually progressing as your shoulder heals and gains stability.


Within two to six weeks after the surgery, you may be able to gradually resume performing daily activities that do not put excessive strain on your shoulder. It is important to follow your surgeon’s instructions and the guidance of your physiotherapist regarding the appropriate level of activity during this recovery period.

Remember, each individual’s recovery process may vary, and it is crucial to follow the personalized rehabilitation plan outlined by your healthcare team. By actively participating in physiotherapy and adhering to the recommended post-operative care, you can optimize your shoulder’s healing, regain strength, and enhance mobility for improved function in the long term.